Human beings value their privacy and the security of their personal sphere of life. They appreciate some control over who knows what about them. They eventually do not want their personal information to be obtainable to just anyone at any time. The recent advancement in information technology presage privacy and have debased the amount to control over personal data and open up the chances in the range of negative repercussion as a result of attainment to personal data. The 21st century has become the century of sizable data, and progressive information technology allows for the storage and processing of Exabyte of data. At the same time, the meaning and value of privacy remain the subject of considerable disputation. The combination of increasing power of technology and depreciating clarity and agreement on privacy give a hike to problems concerning the law, policy, and ethics.
The inquest of privacy is apparently an important one in this era when information technology, extensively called is not only dwelling on but are virtually taking over our lives. Technology has made a many hitherto impossible things possible and has made many doubtful things certain and many processes and more efficient and in many cases so advanced that “it is indistinguishable from magic” as the British science fiction writer, Arthur C Clarke put it. The methods by which a person’s legal rights may be infringed have also undergone a similar transformation.
Noncompliance of privacy therefore by state and none state actors have come to be in actual threat of our coeval times, and it required a strong articulation as a fundamental right, and it is a significant relaxation that it has come from the Supreme court.
At the commencement, it would be pertinent to note that the IT ACT defines, ‘computer, computer system, computer networks, data, computer database or software.’ As is the affirmation, this definition is broad enough to cover most incursions which involve any electronic communication devices or networks- including mobile networks. Precisely stating then IT Acts provide for both civil culpability and criminal penalty for a number of categorically ostracize activities involving the utilization of a computer- many of which bear upon privacy directly or indirectly.