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All you need to know - Right to Privacy

According to Article 21 and entire part 3 of Indian Constitution, Right to Privacy is a fundamental right abide by the Indian government to protect the citizens in the faith, emotions, sensations, and thoughts. Through this amendment, a person has the right to arbitrate regarding the information taken from them and the benefits of information. This helps in securing individuals from fraudulence.
August 24, 2017, was the date when a nine judge bench of the Supreme Court unanimously decided that right to privacy is a fundamental right. The bench was headed by Chief Justice of India J S Khehar, embodied of Justice J Chelameswar, SA Bobde, RK Agrawal, RF Nariman, AM Sapre, DY Chandrachud, S K Kaul and S Habdul Nazeer.
How Right to Privacy is related with Era of Information Technology?
Digital Communication technologies such as mobile smartphones, the Internet and WIFI enabled devices have now become a part of everyday life scenario. By efficacious improvement in the access to information and real time communication, innovations in communication technologies have augmented freedom of expression (Article 19 1 (a)) of Indian Constitution. Not only this but it has also facilitated global debate and encouraged democratic participation. In the digital era, communications technologies also have developed the capacity of Governments, enterprises, and individuals to administer surveillance, blockage and data collection.
The Supreme Court verdict on Right to Privacy is contemplated to bring about appalling changes in the privacy practices adopted in the country. The influence of the judgment on the privacy practices of the State is estimable.

Human beings value their privacy and the security of their personal sphere of life. They appreciate some control over who knows what about them. They eventually do not want their personal information to be obtainable to just anyone at any time. The recent advancement in information technology presage privacy and have debased the amount to control over personal data and open up the chances in the range of negative repercussion as a result of attainment to personal data. The 21st century has become the century of sizable data, and progressive information technology allows for the storage and processing of Exabyte of data. At the same time, the meaning and value of privacy remain the subject of considerable disputation. The combination of increasing power of technology and depreciating clarity and agreement on privacy give a hike to problems concerning the law, policy, and ethics.
The inquest of privacy is apparently an important one in this era when information technology, extensively called is not only dwelling on but are virtually taking over our lives. Technology has made a many hitherto impossible things possible and has made many doubtful things certain and many processes and more efficient and in many cases so advanced that “it is indistinguishable from magic” as the British science fiction writer, Arthur C Clarke put it. The methods by which a person’s legal rights may be infringed have also undergone a similar transformation.
Noncompliance of privacy therefore by state and none state actors have come to be in actual threat of our coeval times, and it required a strong articulation as a fundamental right, and it is a significant relaxation that it has come from the Supreme court.

At the commencement, it would be pertinent to note that the IT ACT defines, ‘computer, computer system, computer networks, data, computer database or software.’ As is the affirmation, this definition is broad enough to cover most incursions which involve any electronic communication devices or networks- including mobile networks. Precisely stating then IT Acts provide for both civil culpability and criminal penalty for a number of categorically ostracize activities involving the utilization of a computer- many of which bear upon privacy directly or indirectly.
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